Reserve bank stuck between a boom and a hard place

A very poor Labour Force report from the ABS today. The unemployment rate was recorded as 5.8%, but at 5.845% it might just as well be rounded up to 5.9%.

Graph: Unemployment Rate

Source: ABS

But it was much more disappointing than that. Despite low interest rates (and a rapidly rising population) employment decreased 22,600 to 11,629,500 and full-time employment decreased 31,600 to 8,067,700. Yes, of course, the samples are small and the data is volatile, but that is a really poor result, and especially so for the full-time gigs.
This leaves the Reserve Bank with a real dilemma. Futures markets had a fit and are now pricing in a rate cut to just 2.25% by the middle of the year as a 50:50 chance. Other data has been more promising but we can basically forget interest rate hikes while the jobs market is so weak.
The currency markets think they know what is coming and the Aussie dollar had a minor panic attack falling to a 3.5 year low and brushing just 88 US cents, well over 15% below where it was.
If you break down the data by state, the figures tell an interesting story. For example, here are the unemployment rates by state charted:
Source: ABS

South Australia continues to struggle. I didn't include Tasmania on my chart, but the picture there is even worse with an unemployment rate of 7.7%. And here are the 12 months jobs growth figures charted:
Source: ABS

Even more lame news for South Australia there, the state actually shedding jobs over the past 12 months, in contrast to all of the major states. But the 12 months jobs growth only tells a part of the story - check out what has happened to employment by state since 2010:
New South Wales is adding jobs at a rate of knots, but Tasmania and South Australia are going nowhere. I'm aware that yield-focussed investors have been tipping Adelaide for property price growth for the last 5 years, but I'm afraid to say that they were badly wrong and the jobs market data continues to do them no favours.
Dwelling Prices graph
Not only has Adelaide failed to add jobs, it also fails to attract investors.
If I had to pick one chart to explain why Sydney will be the gun property market performer this decade while other cities lag behind, it would be the one below from Westpac.
There is essentially no interest in investment in South Australia and Tasmania, but Western Australia (+27% by housing finance value from June 2012 to November 2013) and Victoria (+37%) have really been picking up, as yield-starved investors seek out returns.
As for New South Wales, at +74%...well, you can only expect the price of quality existing stock to boom in the inner and middle rind suburbs and they are doing just that.
ScreenHunter_863 Jan. 16 11.08
Source: Westpac

The Reserve Bank is now stuck between a rock and a hard place. It can't hike rates while the jobs data is so wretched, yet low interest rates will continue to fuel a boom in Sydney's housing market.
In theory, APRA could implement macroprudential measures to limit credit growth, but as I noted here, detailed research from BIS shows that such measures often tend to have very little (if any) discernible impact:
"None of the policies designed to affect either the supply of or the demand for credit has a discernible impact on house prices."

It's pretty much as you were for the property markets.

Pete Wargent
is the co-founder of AllenWargent property buyers (London, Sydney) and a best-selling author and blogger.

His new book 'Four Green Houses and a Red Hotel' was released on 1 September 2013.

Pete Wargent

Pete Wargent

Pete Wargent is the co-founder of BuyersBuyers.com.au, offering affordable homebuying assistance to all Australians, and a best-selling author and blogger.

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